Learn more about impaction of the wisdom tooth
Learn more about impaction of the wisdom tooth
Impacts of the wisdom tooth
The wisdom tooth is the last large tooth at the end of the mouth. If the wisdom tooth does not have enough space to expel, it will not expel normally and some or all of it will remain under the gum. Because wisdom teeth are the last permanent teeth to be extracted, they account for the largest percentage of tooth impaction (due to lack of space). Most of us have four wisdom teeth (two at the top and two at the bottom).
Impaction of the wisdom tooth can lead to toothache, damage to adjacent teeth, and other dental problems, although sometimes it may not cause any appearance problems. Also, because it is difficult to reach the back of the tooth, it is usually not cleaned well when brushing, and it may lead to caries, worms or gum infections.
Impacted wisdom teeth should usually be pulled out if they become problematic or appear to be causing problems in the future. To do this, the oral surgeon must remove the impacted wisdom tooth.
Symptoms of impaction of the wisdom tooth
It always does not cause symptoms, but if you get infected, damage neighboring teeth or cause other dental problems, you may experience some of the following symptoms:
Redness or swelling of the gums
Gum tenderness or pressure
Ease of bleeding gums
Edema around the jaw
Feeling unpleasant taste in the mouth
Difficult to open mouth
When to see a doctor?
If you have symptoms on the back of the last big tooth, see your dentist
What Causes of Tooth Impaction?
The wisdom tooth (third molar tooth) stays beneath the gum and inside the jawbone because there is not enough space left for it to grow or grow. These teeth usually age between 17 and 25 years. Some people without any problems have their wisdom teeth aligned with other teeth, but in many cases the mouth does not have enough space to fit the wisdom tooth with the rest of the teeth. This prevents the wisdom tooth from being fully and properly positioned (tooth impaction).
The tooth grows at an angle to the neighboring tooth.
The tooth grows at an angle to the back of the mouth (away from the neighboring tooth).
The tooth grows upward with respect to the neighboring tooth, meaning the wisdom tooth is inserted into the jaw.
The tooth grows upright and resembles other teeth but stuck inside the jawbone and cannot protrude
Complications of impaction of the wisdom tooth
Impaction of the wisdom tooth can cause the following problems:
Damage to Other Teeth - If the wisdom tooth pushes on the second molar (adjacent tooth) in an attempt to eject, it may damage it or increase the chance of infection in the area. This pressure can also cause the teeth to be compressed and tilted, which may require orthodontic treatment.
Cyst - The wisdom tooth grows inside a sac in the jawbone. It may fill with fluid and cause cysts, which can damage the jawbone, teeth and jaw nerves. In rare cases, a tumor (usually non-cancerous) develops. Tissue and bone must be removed to treat the condition.
Tooth decay - If the wisdom tooth is partially exposed, it is more likely to decay. This is because it makes it harder to clean this part of the mouth and the food and bacteria in the area can easily gather.
Inflammation or gum infection - The problem of cleaning the impacted tooth can increase the chance of gum infection. Peri-cronitis (painful gingivitis around the wisdom tooth) may occur
Preventing Complications of wisdom tooth
You cannot prevent the wisdom tooth from occluding, but an X-ray image of the gum can be used to prevent it from happening. Many regular oral and dental examinations can help prevent many oral problems. The dentist checks the status of the wisdom tooth in each check to make sure there is no problem or if treatment is predicted to occur, timely treatment.
Diagnosis of wisdom tooth impaction
The mouth is first examined for clinical signs. You will also be asked for symptoms. An X-ray image is taken to examine the tooth under the gum and inside the jawbone. This photo shows if the adjacent teeth are damaged or may be damaged
Treatment of impaction of the wisdom tooth
If you have a latent tooth that needs treatment, it is usually a tooth surgery. If surgery is complicated or there is a high likelihood of surgical complications, you should see an oral surgeon.
Impacted wisdom tooth without pain and symptom
If your tooth does not cause any symptoms and does not cause any problems, the tooth is called asymptomatic. Some dentists recommend that asymptomatic wisdom teeth be extracted to prevent future problems as they believe that asymptomatic wisdom teeth are not necessarily problem free.
If there is not enough room to remove it, it is often difficult to clean and there is a high risk of tooth decay and gum infection. Serious dental complications are less common in young people. Dentists who believe in wisdom tooth extraction say that the wisdom of having a wisdom tooth extraction is getting harder and it is much more difficult in people who are older.
But some dentists recommend a more conservative approach, meaning that if there is no evidence that the impacted tooth is causing a problem in the future, there is no need to stretch. The costs and risks of surgery in these cases do not equal the benefits of doing so. In a conservative way, the dentist only monitors the condition of the wisdom tooth and the surrounding tissues, and only if the tooth appears to be a problem.